Mukul Sanwal served in various policy positions in the Indian government, including in industry, agriculture and environment. He represented the Indian government at the Rio Conference in 1992 as a lead negotiator for the Climate Change treaty. He joined the U.N in 1993 as policy adviser to the Executive Director of United Nations Environment Programme and later to the Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. He retired in 2007, and is now associated with think-tanks in India and China. He has a Master’s in Public Administration from Harvard University.