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Economic History Workshop - State Formation and Bureaucratization: Evidence from Pre-Imperial China Economic History Workshop - State Formation and Bureaucratization: Evidence from Pre-Imperial China

Economic History Workshop - State Formation and Bureaucratization: Evidence from Pre-Imperial China

Date: Wednesday, November 20, 2019 12:30 - 14:00 Add to Calendar
Venue: MB328, Asia Global Institute, 3/F., Main Building
Speaker(s): Joy Chen
Abstract

How does one build a centralized bureaucratic state? A dominant view is that wars incentivize rulers to directly extract resources, thereby increasing state capacity. The Chinese empire, one of the earliest states to develop a centralized bureaucracy, can provide useful insights. Using hand-collected data, Joy Chen will present the first systematic evidence on patterns of warfare and state-building in pre-imperial China, which is subsequently used to develop an incomplete contract model for studying ruler's and agent's incentives at war. Her study demonstrates that ownership of land and type of military conflict both affect state-building. External military pressure dampens centralization, as land-owning agents have more to gain from a successful defence, and therefore are more committed. Centralized districts are more aggressive at offense against weak enemies, as non-land-owning agents are more willing to participate in attacks. A decrease in agents' bargaining position also facilitates state-building. Empirical tests and historical examples are consistent with model predictions.

About the Speaker(s)
Joy Chen

Joy Chen

Assistant Professor of Economics, Cheung Kong Graduate School of Business

Asia Global Institute

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